World heritage sites are possessions to those countries that carries it. In India, one of the largest forts which are also a world heritage site is Chittorgarh or the Chittor forts located in Rajasthan. Further, the fort sector has numerous ancient palaces, gates, temples and two conspicuous memorial towers. These monumental carcasses have enthused the mind’s eye of many people over the decades.
Chittorgarh is located on the banks of Gambhiri and Berach River. Though the pre-historic story of this district in Rajasthan is written in blood and sacrifice. The best time to visit is in months of January to March or from September to December. You may think what’s so special in here. Read ahead and you can explore the facts which will enthrall you to visit this fort at least once in your lifetime.
During the 37th session of the World Heritage Committee in the year 2013, the Fort of Chittorgarh alongside the 5 other forts in Rajasthan has professed a UNESCO World Heritage Site under Hill forts of Rajasthan.
When men lost charging their enemy across the fort walls and lost the battles. Women being brave to have committed mass self-immolation (Jauhar). This makes the fort to signify the tribute, courage, and sacrifice. During 7th and 16th centuries considered death as a pride rather than being surrendered under the invading troops.
Earlier the fort consisted of 84 water bodies but now it is decreased to 22. These could have the capacity of 4 billion liters of water. That is equal to the water needs of 50,000 army men. The water bodies include of ponds, wells, and such resources.
There are seven gateways in the fort which was built during 1433-1468 by Rana Kumbha. The names of the gates include that of the Paidal Pol, Bhairon Pol, Hanuman Pol, Ganesh Pol, Jorla Pol, Laxman Pol, and Ram Pol, the final and main gate.
Rani Padmini was one of the prominent queens of those times. Her beauty was equated to the beauty of Queen Cleopatra.
The bronze gates of this pavilion were removed and transported to Agra by the great king Akbar.
The Nau Lakha Bandar (nine lakh treasury) building, the royal treasury of Chittor was also located near to the fort. Presently, the museum and archaeological office are across the palace.
To commemorate the victory of Sultan of Malwa; Mahmud Shah I Khlaji in 1440 AD, the tower of victory named Vijay Stambha or Jaya Stambha was raised by Rana Khumbha. This is an expression of victory triumph- also called the symbol of Chittor.
It was built over a period of 10 years. It has a base of 9 stories through narrow circular stairs of 157 steps which are also carved in the interior. Leading to 8 floors where the town is best visible.
When viewed from the higher view, the fort is shaped like a fish. It has a boundary of 13 km with a determined length of 5 km and it covers an area of 700 acres.
The fort of Chittorgarh contains a total of 65 notable buildings, including 4 memorials, 4 palaces, and 19 temples.
Having dimensions of 37.2 meters high and 47 square feet area, and has a perimeter of 13 km (8 miles), and is situated on an 180-meter high hill.
The Chittorgarh Fort was built during the 7th century AD by the Mauryans and was named after the Mauryan ruler Chitrangada Mori, and was used until 1568.
Roughly 40% of Chittorgarh Fort’s Area was used for collecting or storing billions of liters of water.
During the course of its history, Chittorgarh Fort was habitually controlled by the Rajput clan, Sisodia, even though it was barricaded three times –in 1303, next in 1535 and finally in 1568.
Chittorgarh is a place worth visiting.